The Saints by Sea website offers inspiring accounts of their journeys. Mormon Migration. Shared by all members of community. They also constructed crossings over rivers and planted crops. Tensions continued to rise through the winter of 1846, when the Mormons under their new leader Brigham Young fled Illinois over the Mississippi River with covered wagons and livestock, becoming refugees in their own country. Close to sixty thousand were immigrant converts fresh from the British Isles and Scandinavia. National History Day. Mormon Migration to Utah. Pioneer. The Mormon handcart movement began in 1856 and continued until 1860. Index of pioneer immigrants with image links to journals, autobiographies, letters, and other narratives. The Mormon Handcart Migration A pilgrimage 160 years later inspires travelers on the Latter-day Saints trail to Utah. Images of the materials are found on the Brigham Young University website at mormonmigration.lib.byu.edu. The Mormon Handcart Migration traces each stage of the journey, from the transatlantic voyage of newly converted church members to the gathering of the faithful in the eastern Nebraska encampment known as Winter Quarters. An 1897 map of the route of the Mormon pioneers from Nauvoo to Salt Lake. On March 1, 1846, some 500 Mormon wagons lurched northwesterly across the winter-bare Iowa prairie toward the Missouri River. Martyr. Ships, Saints, and Mariners: A Maritime Enclyclopedia of Mormon Migration, 1830-1890 by Conway B. Sonne; University of Utah Press. We have information, that from one thousand to fifteen hundred Mormons are encamped at Montrose, Iowa, preparatory to their march westward. A printed page showing the Deseret Alphabet, around 1850. Mormon Migration. The Mormon migration is significant as Young successfully migrated thousands of Mormons to the Great Salt Lake, even though they travelled off the Oregon Trail. Exterminate. Remote learning solution for Lockdown 2021: Ready-to-use tutor2u Online Courses Much cheaper & more effective than TES or the Guardian. Communal. This index documents the journeys of over 94,000 converts who crossed the Atlantic or Pacific Oceans to gather with the Saints in North America between 1840 and 1890. Begun during an era of intense religious revival in America, the Church boldly claimed to restore rather than reform traditional Christianity. They were literally driven out of their own country, since Utah was then still part of Mexico. The American West 1835-1895, GCSE 9-1 Edexcel This lesson aims to examine the role of the two leaders of the Mormons; Joseph Smith and Brigham Young and the story of the Mormon migration West to Salt Lake City. The Mormon Migration was an important time in history because the religion was new; it had troubles, but Mormons are good at heart. Exterminate. Today, many youth and leaders in the Church repeat these stories as they pull handcarts and reenact experiences of the early pioneers. To harass or treat with hostility persistently. A photograph of Zion’s Commercial Mercantile Institution (ZCMI) in Salt Lake City, with Native Americans on horseback, 1869. An example of one such program was the Mormon Diaries project. However, they were targeted by other Christians who disagreed with Mormon practices such as polygamy. Learn more ›. Upon arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, the Mormons publicly announced the practice of plural marriage, which Smith had instituted in secret some years earlier. It is useful to compare this migration to that of the Donner Party in order to understand what made a successful migration. With assistance from the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, the Historical Records Survey, as well as the WPA , Juanita Brooks supervised a project to collect and transcribe the diaries, journals, and biographical sketches for over 400 Latter-day Saint pioneers. An excerpt from a report from Illinois Governor Thomas Ford reporting on “Mormon difficulties,” December 1846. Description. Their task was to find the best trail, and clear it for use. To completely destroy or get rid of. We are just now beginning to appreciate the dimensions and magnitude of the Mormon use of Nebraska trails. Young decided to migrate to the Great Salt Lake, just south of the Oregon Trail. A trail roadometer designed and used by William Clayton, 1847. Reach the audience you really want to apply for your teaching vacancy by posting directly to our website and related social media audiences. Conflicts in Illinois, particularly over rumors of a ceremony that permitted some men to marry multiple wives, led to the 1844 murder of the LDS prophet Joseph Smith and to the 1845 revocation of their city’s charter. An 1846 map by Augustus Mitchell “of Texas, Oregon and California, with regions adjoining.”. Their leader assassinated and their homes under attack, the Mormons of Nauvoo, Illinois, begin a long westward migration that eventually brings them to the valley of the Great Salt Lake in Utah. Migration of the Mormons to the west continued in organized companies along the Mormon Trail until 1869. Mormon Migration, Brigham Young University. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (also known as the LDS or Mormon Church) regards Christ as head of the church and considers members to be Christians. That is when organized companies traveled to Utah by wagon or handcart. Each year during the Mormon migration, people continued to be organized into "companies", each company bearing the name of its leader and subdivided into groups of 10 and 50. A paisley shawl brought by Eliza Kittleman from Philadelphia to Utah on the Ship. Mormon Migration Geographic mobility had been a necessity for members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints almost since the Church’s founding in 1830. Cuban Immigration After the Revolution, 1959-1973, Exodusters: African American Migration to the Great Plains, Nineteenth-Century Schools for the Deaf and Blind, Japanese American Internment During World War II, Full Steam Ahead: The Steam Engine and Transportation in the Nineteenth Century, Immigration and Americanization, 1880-1930, Mexican Labor and World War II: The Bracero Program, These sets were created and reviewed by the teachers on the. This meant later groups of Mormons could travel safely. history of Mormon migration when the boiler on the steamboat Saluda exploded, killing more than two dozen Mormon converts.9 British artist Frederick Piercy, who sketched segments of the Latter-day Saint journey from Liverpool to Salt Lake, noted, “At St. Louis I learned that the Emigrants to G.S.L. A person who is first to enter or settle a region. Shared by all members of community. The sources in this set help place the Mormon migration in geographic, political, religious, and cultural contexts, including other westward movement motivated by Manifest Destiny. The immigrants were from the British, Scandinavian, Swedish, and Netherlands Missions. The United States requests men to fight in the U.S.-Mexican War. Persecute. In June 1845 the leader of the Mormons, Joseph Smith, was murdered. Brigham Young became the new leader of the Mormons. Index of pioneer immigrants with image links to journals, autobiographies, letters, and other narratives. Smaller numbers of German, Irish, Scotch-Irish, Dutch, French, Spanish, African, and other nationalities also arrived. Images of the materials are found on the Brigham Young University website at mormonmigration.lib.byu.edu. Type of Migration The Mormon settlement in the 1800s was an internal migration in the U.S.A. 1 Unlike many religious organizations that clearly and candidly stake out their positions on illegal immigration, however, the LDS Church officially takes no position on this highly divisive issue. Mormon emigration stories have been shared over and over through the decades. About 90,000 Latter-day Saint converts crossed the oceans during the 19th century, heeding a call to come to Zion. Someone who is killed for his/her beliefs. An excerpt from William Clayton’s booklet, “The Latter-day Saints’ Emigrants’ Guide,” 1848. One of the Donner Party’s major problems was that their oxen became too exhausted to continue the journey. Over the next decade, tens of thousands followed the Mormon trail to Utah in search of a new “Zion”—a holy community where they could worship without persecution. Mormon Migration by Sail and Rail, 1856–1857 FRED E. WOODS IN THE SPRING OF 1855, an article in the Mormons’ British periodical, The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star, instructed church members to leave “Babylon” just as ancient Israel had left Egypt under Moses’ leadership.1 For European converts, the Links to more History Stories of the Trail Young insisted on strict discipline. The period of overland emigration of the Mormon pioneers is generally defined as 1847 through 1868. “Bill of Particulars,” the recommended supply list for each household departing westward from Nauvoo, Illinois, published in the Nauvoo Neighbor, October 29, 1845, National Park Service. PLAY. 1 Unlike many religious organizations that clearly and candidly stake out their positions on illegal immigration, however, the LDS Church officially takes no position on this highly divisive issue. He believed the Mormons would be safe here as it was isolated and technically part of Mexico, not the United States. Recorded sites include visible trail ruts (Figure 3), dugouts, camps, and buildings associated with the migration. Begun during an era of intense religious revival in America, the Church boldly claimed to restore rather than reform traditional Christianity. However, they were targeted by other Christians who disagreed with Mormon practices such as polygamy. These may include names of people and places or historical concepts like eras and movements. Ongoing migration 1859 map of route from Sioux City, Iowa, through Nebraska, to gold fields of Wyoming, following old Mormon trails. Most were English and Welsh. Begun during an era of intense religious revival in America, the Church boldly claimed to restore rather than reform traditional Christianity. This collection consists of an index of pioneer immigrants with image links to journals, autobiographies, letters, and other narratives for the years 1840 to 1932. LS23 6AD, Tel: +44 0844 800 0085 The reenactments provide just … A photograph of the transcontinental railroad at Promontory Point, Utah, May 10, 1869. With good nature and strength they overcame obstacles to become a religion with over 12 million followers. Western Mormon Migration - 1846/1847. To completely destroy or get rid of. PLAY. They journeyed by ox-drawn wagon or—less commonly—by handcarts until the era of transcontinental railroad travel began in 1869. He sent a ‘Pioneer Band’ of 150 men and 70 wagons to be the first to travel to the Great Salt Lake. Mormon History. The movement began in 1856 and continued until 1860. The Mormon handcart pioneers were participants in the migration of members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to Salt Lake City, Utah, who used two-wheeled handcarts to transport their belongings. Explore resources and ideas for Using DPLA's Primary Source Sets in your classroom. Migration of the Mormons to the west continued in organized companies along the Mormon Trail until 1869. The Mormon Migration website is devoted to the gathering, distribution and interpretation of global migration records and history related to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, more commonly known as the LDS Church or the Mormon Church. Communal. You can also suggest a primary source set topic or view resources for National History Day. There are two excellent resources that discuss the Mormon migration by sea. STUDY. Fax: +44 01937 842110, We’re proud to sponsor TABS Cricket Club, Harrogate Town AFC and the Wetherby Junior Cricket League as part of our commitment to invest in the local community, Company Reg no: 04489574 | VAT reg no 816865400, © Copyright 2018 |Privacy & cookies|Terms of use, AQA GCSE: America 1840-1895: Expansion and Consolidation, Edexcel GCSE: The American West c1835-c1895, GCSE: Early Elizabethan England (1558-88) - Timeline of Key Events, Weimar & Nazi Germany (1918-39) - Timeline of Key Events, Hitler & The Nazi Party - The Lean ("Wilderness") Years from 1924-1928, Culture and Architecture in the Weimar Republic (1924-29), Weimar and Nazi Germany (1918-39) - Exam Buster Revision Guide for Edexcel GCSE (9-1) History, Assessment Mats for Weimar and Nazi Germany | Edexcel GCSE History, Advertise your teaching jobs with tutor2u, Young carefully planned the logistics, ensuring there was enough supplies to last the journey, Young consulted with trail guides to find the quickest and safest routes. A plan of Winter Quarters, Nebraska, during the winter of 1846 to 1847. A Mormon Bride in the Great Migration “Among the nearly 10,000 people who came to Utah in 1852, thereby carving for themselves a singular niche in the history of the American West was my great-great grandmother Olive Harriet Otto Terry. This meant there were no splits like there were in the Donner Party. Afterward, they came by railroad, continuing the resettlement until 1890. They migrated across the United States from the Midwest to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (also known as the LDS or Mormon Church) regards Christ as head of the church and considers members to be Christians. Getting Started. Contains a history of each Mormon emigrant ship. Mormon Migration in the 1800s The important thing about the Mormon migration is that they were in search of religious freedom. The faith became popularly known as “Mormonism,” and its people “Mormons,” after the publication of a new book of scripture, The Book of Mormon. The Mormons were a religious group who practised a type of Christianity. Boston House, The Mormons, U.S. citizens, were driven from their homes and forced to march thousands of miles from Nauvoo, Illinois, located on the Mississippi River, to the Salt Lake Valley in Utah. Sophie holds a degree in History and works as a History teacher in Bradford. An excerpt from the trail diary of Mormon pioneer William Snow, 1850. For many, the journey did not end there, as the Mormon Church continued to settle all the surrounding region, from Chi… Appropriately, Young named the collective the Camp of Israel. A letter from Eliza R. Snow to Elizabeth Ann Smith Whitney and Vilate Murray Kimball, June 30, 1846. During the rest of the 19th century, the Mormon migration into Salt Lake continues at the rate of several thousand new arrivals per year. Young planned for regular rests to ensure travellers and cattle did not become exhausted. Mormons begin exodus to Utah Their leader assassinated and their homes under attack, the Mormons of Nauvoo, Illinois, begin a long westward migration that … The Mormon Migration 1846-47 The Mormons were a religious group who practised a type of Christianity. To give feedback, contact us at education@dp.la. One of the end products associated with this project is a comprehensive map of Mormon Trails across Iowa with selected points of interest (Figure 4). Upon arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, the Mormons publicly announced the practice of plural marriage, which Smith had instituted in secret some years earlier. Mormons Immigration to USA & Canada. She had come to the Kanesville area in 1851; she left the area in 1852 as the bride of a Mormon emigrant. Daily Missouri Republican – February 19, 1846. The Mormon handcart pioneers were participants in the migration of members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) to Salt Lake City, Utah, who used handcarts to transport their belongings. STUDY. Their route is the Mormon Trail. Students learn the teachings of the Mormons and how isolationist the movement became in the face of so much hostility and persecution. The Mormon pioneers were members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, also known as Latter-day Saints, who migrated in the mid-1840s across the United States from the Midwest to the Salt Lake Valley in what is today the U.S. state of Utah. Begin your research by brainstorming keywords - the words and phrases you’ll use to search for books, articles, websites, government documents, and other resources. Persecute. The Great Mormon Migration, … The immigrants were from the British Isles, Scandinavian, Swedish, and Netherlands Missions. Pioneer. Print. West Yorkshire, After the transcontinental railroad was completed in 1869, Latter-day Saint emigrants who traveled to Utah generally came by train. Description. Mormon Migration Geographic mobility had been a necessity for members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints almost since the Church’s founding in 1830. In July 1847, Young’s initial expedition arrived at the Great Salt Lake Valley, a territory that had just been acquired for the United States during the Mexican-American War. THE TIDE OF MORMON MIGRATION FLOWING THROUGH THE PORT OF LIVERPOOL, ENGLAND Fred E. Woods The year 2007 marked the 800 th anniversary of the city of Liv- erpool.1 Although the city’s inhabitants were certainly aware of this monumental year of celebration, the vast majority were probably una-ware that a chapter of Liverpool’s history was created by nearly 90,000 A person who is first to enter or settle a region. Although Young hoped to begin the migration in spring 1846, local hostility forced the Mormons' … Westward Migration: The Mormon pioneers and the settlement of Utah (1846–1857) The Mormons scatter throughout Iowa and the surrounding territory, though most follow Brigham Young and the Quorum of the Twelve, who lead them to Winter Quarters in Nebraska. Geographic mobility had been a necessity for members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints almost since the Church’s founding in 1830. The trek of the Mormon pioneers is one of the most inspiring and heartbreaking episodes in U.S and Mormon history. These sets were created and reviewed by the teachers on the DPLA's Education Advisory Committee. An illustration showing a view of the Utah Valley in 1850. Martyr. Due to the hostility shown towards the Mormons, he decided they needed to move somewhere safer. The immigrants were from the British, Scandinavian, Swedish, and Netherlands Missions. “Mormon Immigration Index Released,” Ensign, Oct. 2000, 78 The Family and Church History Department recently released the Mormon Immigration Index on CD-ROM. An excerpt from a roster for Company A of the Mormon Battalion in the Mexican-American War, 1846. Mormons, who called themselves “Saints” or “Latter-day Saints” (LDS), established successive religious communities in frontier Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois in the 1830s and 1840s; each time they were forcibly driven out and dispossessed of their property because of their religious beliefs and practices. At the time of the planning of the exodus in 1846, the territory was owned by the Republic of Mexico, which soon after went to war with the United States … 214 High Street, From 1846 to 1848 some twelve thousand Mormons clustered in rough camps across present-day Iowa and Nebraska, before organizing to emigrate further west into what was then Mexico. Mormon Migration Database, 1840-1932. In June 1845 the leader of the Mormons, Joseph Smith, was murdered. A new picture of Mormon migration in Nebraska is emerging, showing that state to have been much more widely traveled by Mormons than has heretofore been recognized. Someone who is killed for his/her beliefs. Pre-1820 Approximately 650,000 individuals of all nationalities arrived in America before 1820. During the rest of the 19th century, the Mormon migration into Salt Lake continues at the rate of several thousand new arrivals per year. Afterward, they came by railroad, continuing the resettlement until 1890. 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