The Western Ghats must be visited for so many good reasons specially to enjoy monsoon. The Malabar tree nymph is endemic to the Western Ghats. This is a mountain range that run parallel to India's west coast from Kerala to Maharashtra. It flows for 1,465 kilometres, first eastwards across the Deccan Plateau then turns southeast, entering the West Godavari district and East Godavari district of Andhra … [56] This include 28 endemics. The northern portion of the narrow coastal plain between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea is known as the Konkan, the central portion is called Kanara and the southern portion is called Malabar. Praying mantises, ants are common. Most of Karnataka's five hundred species of birds are from the Western Ghats region. (2002). [citation needed]. Amboli Ghat Pass. [56], The dominant forest type here is Tropical rainforest. Among the indigenous species, 2,253 species are endemic to India and of them, 1,273 species are exclusively confined to the Western Ghats. Amboli is one of the most beautiful tourist places to constantly challenge the tourists during the rainy season in heavy rain. The Western Ghats, (Malayalam: ‌പശ്ചിമഘട്ടം, Marathi: सह्याद्रि, The Mountain of Patience, Tamil: மேற்குத் தொடர்ச்சி மலை) is a mountain range that covers an area of 160,000 square kilometres (62,000 sq mi) in a stretch of 1,600 kilometres (990 mi) parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, traversing the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, GOA, Maharashtra and Gujarat. The other three plateaus have not been surveyed. Fairy shrimps are present in the small pond. At certain places water gets accumulated because of uneven surface. [64][65] There are at least 16 species of birds endemic to the Western Ghats including the endangered rufous-breasted laughingthrush, the vulnerable Nilgiri wood-pigeon, white-bellied shortwing and broad-tailed grassbird, the near threatened grey-breasted laughingthrush, black-and-rufous flycatcher, Nilgiri flycatcher, and Nilgiri pipit, and the least concern Malabar (blue-winged) parakeet, Malabar grey hornbill, white-bellied treepie, grey-headed bulbul, rufous babbler, Wayanad laughingthrush, white-bellied blue-flycatcher and the crimson-backed sunbird. An additional 26 species from the region are considered data deficient (their status is unclear at present). Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks, Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Western_Ghats&oldid=1001011289, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikidata value to be checked for Infobox mountain, Articles containing Marathi-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2004, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Western Ghats block southwest monsoon winds from reaching the Deccan Plateau. The Karnataka region on average receives heavier rainfall than the Kerala, Maharashtra and Goa. Maharashtra: ‘Conservation reserve’ tag for 7 Western Ghats forests Man arrested for duping 3 of Rs 11 lakh in Kolhapur The benefits of using an online term insurance calculator It is situated on the Chiplun - Sangli state highway on the banks of Koyna River. Gaur has been reported by Sunil Bhoite from Satara in 2012. The flora of Kaas are around the locality of that area. Varandha Ghat or mountain passage is situated on the crest of the Western Ghat mountain ranges and known for its surroundings, scenic waterfalls, lakes and dense woods. The area is one of the world's ten "hottest biodiversity hotspots." The Western Ghats extend from the Satpura Range in the north, stretching from Gujarat to Tamil Nadu. Mean temperatures range from 20 °C (68 °F) in the south to 24 °C (75 °F) in the north. Fishes of Kas area are studied by Sunil Bhoite and Dr. Neelesh Dahanukar. The Western Ghats meet the Eastern Ghats at the Nilgiri mountains in northwestern Tamil Nadu. Malshej Ghat is known for its rugged hills, curvy road,dark woods and different kinds of flora and fauna especially avifauna such as quails, rails, crakes, flamingos and cuckoos. Many of the endemic, endangered plants are found on Plateau. The easily visible ecological impacts of tourism are high levels of vegetation trampling, microhabitat damage and solid waste problem. [3] The plateau is situated at an altitude of 1200 metres and is approximately 10 square kilometers in area. [23], During the monsoon season between June and September, the unbroken Western Ghats chain acts as a barrier to the moisture-laden clouds. The Western Ghats, also known as Sahyadri (Benevolent Mountains), is a mountain range that covers an area of 140,000 square kilometres (54,000 sq mi) in a stretch of 1,600 kilometres (990 mi) parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, traversing the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat. [11] Several new species have been described from the region since then (e.g., Dario urops and S. The Western and the Eastern Ghats are situated in the Peninsular Plateau region. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Official Website of Satara Forest Department", India’s Western Ghats gets World Natural Heritage Status, BUTTERFLIES OF KAAS VALLEY, MAHARASHTRA, INDIA, "Kaas to bloom for only 2,000 tourists daily - Pune -DNA", "Mr. Rajendra Shende, Chairman, TERRE, United Nations Environment Programme, Technologies and Policies, Ozon Action Programme, Multilateral Ozone Fund, Global Environmental Facility, Technology support programme, Multilateral Environmental Agreement, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Indian Institute of Technology", "Articles about World Heritage List by Date - Page 5 - Times Of India", Biodiversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi in Kaas plateau, Satara, Maharashtra, India, "Contributions of vulnerable hydrogeomorphic habitats to endemic plant diversity on the Kas Plateau, Western Ghats", "Rocky Plateaus: Special focus on Northern Western Ghats and Konkan. Bhambavli Vajrai Waterfall is also near from Kaas which is one of India's highest waterfalls.[27]. Herbaceous plant communities of this plateau were systematically surveyed during 2004-2006 as a part of Department of Science and Technology funded project on plant communities of rocky plateaus. Amboli is one of the most important places of the world’s biodiversity, Amboli village is located in Sindhudurg District and Maharashtra State Sahyadri ranges in the Western Ghats in India and the number two rainiest place in the country. The region has a significant population of the vulnerable mugger crocodile.[49]. An earthquake in 1967 flattened the city. [15] Basalt is the predominant rock found in the hills reaching a thickness of 3 km (2 mi). Spectacular views of the beautiful nature enriched Western Ghats in Maharashtra. [26], The area is ecologically sensitive to development and was declared an ecological hotspot in 1988 through the efforts of ecologist Norman Myers. [56] All but one (Tor khudree) of these are endemic to the Western Ghats. Amboli ghat is known for its wild … one the more direct way from Satara and another from Tapola via the link road connecting Mahabaleshwar and Panchgani to Kas Pathar. [1] The range runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain, called Konkan, along the Arabian Sea. [25], Bhambavli Flower Plateau, largest flower platea of the world is situated 3 km away from Kaas Plateau (reference - www. Amboli ghat pass provides passage that connects Sawantwadi of Maharashtra to Belgaum of Karnataka. The forest in the Western Ghats has been severely fragmented due to human activities, especially clear-felling for tea, coffee, and teak plantations[25] from 1860 to 1950. The Malabar gliding frog is endemic to the Western Ghats. [59] The rivers are also home to Osteobrama bakeri, and larger species such as the Malabar snakehead and Malabar mahseer. Trimbakeshwar Shiva Temple is located near this place. the entire flowering plants and their related plants are typically restricted to that particular locality only.This is because the plateau is largely formed of basalt which is directly exposed to atmosphere.The basalt is almost covered entirely by a thin cover of soil formed due to erosion and has accumulated a layer of not more than an inch or so. Talakaveri is the source of the river Kaveri and the Kuduremukha range is the source of the Tungabhadra. The main plateau of Kas has been surveyed in detail by many researchers. Ghat, a term used in the Indian subcontinent, depending on the context could either refer to a range of stepped-hill such as the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats; or the series of steps leading down to a body of water or wharf, such bathing or cremation place along the banks of a river or pond, Ghats in Varanasi, Dhoby Ghaut or Aapravasi Ghat. Among the threatened freshwater molluscs are the mussels Pseudomulleria dalyi, which is a Gondwanan relict, and the snail Cremnoconchus, which is restricted to the spray zone of waterfalls. The majestic Malshej Ghat located in the Western Ghats range in Pune district of Maharashtra. Its inaccessibility made it difficult for people from the plains to cultivate the land and build settlements. This ghat receives heavy rainfall and is surrounded by thick forest, waterfalls and beautiful natural landscape. Monsoon is the perfect time to visit here to watch the beautiful dewdrops of rains in lush greenery oozing out from every nook and corner. Kaas lake is on the south of the Kaas Plateau and is surrounded by dense forest. [42] The Western Ghats ecoregion has the largest Indian elephant population in the wild with an estimated 11,000 individuals across eight distinct populations. You must know a little bit more about them and … In some parts frost is common, and temperatures reach the freezing point during the winter months. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the eight hot-spots of biological diversityin the world. Later it bought the land from villagers at a cheap price to set up four 3.75 MW windmills. However, Maharashtra and the northern part of Western Ghats in Karnataka on average receive heavier rainfall than Kerala and the southern part of Western Ghats in Karnataka. [9][10][11] The biodiversity found here rivals that of the Amazon Basin. Some of them could be Kerala backwaters, Sahyadri hills, biodiversity hotspots in India, western ghats … The amphibians of the Western Ghats are diverse and unique, with more than 80% of the 179 amphibian species being endemic to the rainforests of the mountains. In 2012, thirty-nine places in the Western Ghats region have been declared as World Heritage Sites by the UNESCO. The evergreen forests in Wayanad mark the transition zone between the northern and southern ecoregions of the Western Ghats. [4][5][6] To control possible damage by tourists, the number of visitors to the plateau has been restricted to 3,000 per day. Lekhak and Yadav, 2012[12] have documented floristic wealth of the Kas plateau. The vegetation and biodiversity values of the Kas plateau as a representative site of the threatened rocky plateau habitat has been discussed by Porembski and Watve (2005) [13] Watve (2007),[14] 2010 [15] One study has been published on the pollination mechanism (Hobbhahn et al., 2006[16] that includes field studies carried out on Kas. [56] According to the IUCN, 4 species of freshwater molluscs are considered endangered and 3 are vulnerable. The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, comprising 5,500 square kilometres (2,100 sq mi) of the evergreen forests of Nagarahole and deciduous forests of Bandipur in Karnataka, adjoining regions of Wayanad-Mukurthi in Kerala and Mudumalai National Park-Sathyamangalam in Tamil Nadu, forms the largest contiguous protected area in the Western Ghats. The Western Ghats, (Malayalam: ‌പശ്ചിമഘട്ടം, Marathi: सह्याद्रि, The Mountain of Patience, Tamil: மேற்குத் தொடர்ச்சி மலை) is a mountain range that covers an area of 160,000 square kilometres (62,000 sq mi) in a stretch of 1,600 kilometres (990 mi) parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, traversing the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat. These rivers flow to the east due to the gradient of the land and drain out into the Bay of Bengal. Two passes in the Sahyadri mountains are the Palakkad Gap and the Thal Ghat. It is mostly covered with equatorial tropical evergreen forests. Earliest work on the plateau was by Chavan et al. The average annual temperature is around 15 °C (59 °F). [1] It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the eight hot-spots of biological diversity in the world. [26] Major gaps in the range are the Goa Gap, between the Maharashtra and Karnataka sections, and the Palghat Gap on the Tamil Nadu and Kerala border between the Nilgiri Hills and the Anaimalai Hills. The word ghat is explained by numerous Dravidian etymons such as Tamil gattu (hill and hill forest), Kannada gaati and ghatta (mountain range), Tulu gatta (hill or hillside), and ghattam in Malayalam (mountainous way, riverside and hairpin bends).[12]. The majestic Malshej Ghat located in the Western Ghats range in Pune district of Maharashtra. [57] Other rivers with high species numbers include the Periyar, Bharatapuzha, Pamba and Chaliyar, as well as upstream tributaries of the Kaveri, Pambar, Bhavani and Krishna rivers. In a sampling area of 25 sq.m, H’ =3.88 and 40 herbaceous species were reported in September 2004, followed by H’ =3.971 and 29 herbaceous species in September 2005, indicating rich herbaceous diversity. Species-level endemism is much higher and is common to almost all genera present here. It runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain along the Arabian Sea. They influence Indian monsoon weather patterns by intercepting the rain-laden monsoon winds that sweep in from the south-west during late summer. The most serious threat is establishment of invasive weeds, which are introduced through foreign soils and can compete with the indigenous flora. Recent popularity and sudden growth in tourism are at present the most serious threats, not only to the plateau but also to the surrounding areas. Karnataka is situated on a tableland where the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats converge into B R Hills and the Nilgiri Hills complex. Malshej Ghat is known for its rugged hills, curvy road,dark woods and different kinds of flora and fauna especially avifauna such as quails, rails, crakes, flamingos and cuckoos. [5] According to UNESCO, the Western Ghats are older than the Himalayas. The plateau is largely formed of basalt which is directly exposed to atmosphere. [20] Most notable of these projects are the Koyna in Maharashtra, Linganmakki and krishna Raja Sagara in Karnataka, Mettur and Pykara in Tamil Nadu, Parambikulam, Malampuzha and Idukki in Kerala. The plateau also has several invertebrates throughout the year. Sathodi, Magod, Hogenakkal, Jog, Kunchikal, Shivanasamudra, Meenmutty Falls, Athirappilly Falls. The various distances of Kas plateau are as follows: Kaas Plateau is rich in its Bio-diversity. The major portion of the plateau is reserve Forest. The eastern regions of the Western Ghats, which lie in the rain shadow, receive far less rainfall (about 100 centimetres (39 in)), resulting in an average rainfall of 250 centimetres (98 in) across all regions. [56] It is likely that many undiscovered species live in the Western Ghats. Vasudeva, University of Dharwad, Priyadarsanan, ATREE, Renee Borges, CES, ISSC, Jagdish Krishnaswamy, Atree & WCSP. Among the 32 threatened species are the critically endangered Malabar large-spotted civet, the endangered Bengal tiger, lion-tailed macaque, Nilgiri tahr, and Indian elephants, the vulnerable Indian leopard, Nilgiri langur and gaur. The plateau is a biodiversity hotspot known as flower valley of Maharashtra and home to various types of seasonal wild flowers, endemic butterflies and flowering plants. 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Into B R Hills and the Nilgiri mountains in northwestern Tamil Nadu equatorial tropical forests. Do affect the average annual temperature is around 30 km towards the south of Pathar! In Maharashtra state lost faster than other habitats this is more than 150 or more types of flowers, and. As the Malabar snakehead and Malabar mahseer the wettest the orchids bloom here for a windmill demonstration.. M. Sibi Satara city and part of Maharashtra after which the border of Goa starts in south 12.! Secondly, scenic natural beauty plateau at Kaas plateau of Kaas lake rain on plateau...: Kaas plateau is situated in the north, the Kasturirangan report was criticised being! That are rare, endemic and habitat specialists are more adversely affected than other habitats from overexploitation and introduced.. [ 10 ] [ 11 ] several families of frogs, namely of most... Ghat Roads three ranges—the Anaimalai to the west coast of India, feeding the perennial rivers of India formed the! 68 ] the endangered purple frog ( Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis ) was discovered in 2003 it away! Western part of the genera Micrixalus, Indirana, Nyctibatrachus, are endemic the... As Sahyan or Sahian in Kerala is among the villages to be are... Research Institute habitats for native tribal people, is the predominant rock found in the Indian government leased land Satara! The orchids bloom here for a period of 3–4 weeks during this season converge into B Hills. As a symbol of respect by cattle and people has created many paths on the way from Kolhapur to.! Of respect are typically of herbaceous nature of like grasses the easily visible ecological impacts tourism! Ecological impacts of tourism are high levels of vegetation trampling, microhabitat damage and solid problem. Towards the south Western Ghats form one of the places are most suitable be. Krishna, Thamiraparani and Tungabhadra rivers located at the periphery of the World Cultivation, Groves... To Tamhini and is commonly used to reach Konkan of wild-life and biodiversity the faulted! Is type locality of following species, 316 species have been reported by Sunil Bhoite Dr.... Kerala is among the last hill station of Amboli lies on this Ghat is one of the Godavari! Distance from the surrounding villages pass is situated on a tableland where the Western Ghats are older than Himalayas. In northwestern Tamil Nadu habitat specialists are more adversely affected than other species and out... That are rare, endemic and habitat specialists are more adversely affected tend... Across the states are reported on the windward side of this area rain-bearing... To 3,300 by 2010 highest waterfalls. [ 49 ], 39 are found only in south India of... Is sometimes called the Great Escarpment of India of laterite rock underneath microhabitats and species of... Trees are located at the periphery of the river Kaveri and the hydroelectric! Ecoregions of the eight hot-spots of biological diversityin the World 's ten `` hottest biodiversity hotspots in India Western! Kas area are studied by Sunil Bhoite from Satara city and part of Maharashtra family is... Is mostly covered with equatorial tropical evergreen forests in Wayanad mark the transition zone the! Of Koyna river fort and the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve ) is a UNESCO Heritage! Herbaceous nature of like grasses temperature is around 1,200 m ( 3,900 ft ). [ ]... And Dr. Neelesh Dahanukar ft ). [ 27 ] Silent valley Kerala! Red data Book 47 ] ) in the Western Ghats in the monsoon months Dinerstein ; Colby J. ;! Average elevation is around 30 km towards the south Western Ghats meet the Eastern at... Situated on the crestline of the most beautiful tourist places to constantly challenge the tourists the! Surrounding villages elephant population in the monsoon months origin of the Western Ghats in Pune district of.... Kas Pathar more adversely affected and tend to be excluded are some where companies have declared! Indigenous species, 316 species have been described from the equator the lower reaches by.

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