Following the failure of the July 18, 1863 attack, Union Major General Quincy Adams Gillmore laid siege to the fort. In the vast majority of such attacks, the result was almost always followed by heavy cavalry casualties. Now I will have to burn this town.” The Confederate Proclamation calling for the execution of all Union soldiers working with black soldiers was also real, as was the Contraband/Confiscation Act that allowed the Union to free any slaves it came across in rebellious territories. The song itself is highly emotional and peaceful, becoming nearly heartbreaking when juxtaposed against the chaos and violence of the next day. For nearly two years, the Civil War was a whites-only affair. During 54th's first battle scene, Sergeant Major Rawlins kills a Confederate officer wearing the Union-type shoulder pads of a First Lieutenant. The movie consistently shows Confederate troops carrying the classic "stars and bars" Confederate battle flag. (The movie will get a wide release on Jan. According to Confederate General Johnson Hagood. In formal military terms, casualties include captured soldiers. 9.) When the units are lined up on the beach before the assault on the fort, Union artillery fires over the heads of Union infantry just a few yards in front of them. When Shaw finally loses patience with the Quartermaster, he marches in and demands 600 pairs of shoes and 1200 pairs of socks. In the opening scenes, when Shaw marches beside his soldiers toward the Antietam battle, the rank insignia on his epaulets change from that of a captain (two bars) to that of a second lieutenant (no insignia within the epaulet borders) because it's a flashback. The stripes of the era were individual stripes, and had to be sewn on one-by-one. But in order to move on and get past something you need to allow yourself to feel it for what it is--all of the heartbreak and pain--and then you can start to take steps move on. His burial too, is historically correct—in both the movie and in real life, Shaw was buried with his fellow soldiers and the confederates refused to give his body to the Union. History Film Analysis (300) Film Analysis For the film analysis assignment I chose to watch the movie “Gladiator.” With any modern day movie one runs the risk of finding flaws in the historical accuracy. McPherson and many other historians make note of multiple discrepancies between historical truths and scenes depicted in Glory. The hammer is still in cocked position, meaning Trip never actually pulled the trigger, and the "click" was added in post-production. Shortly after Rawlins says the men need shoes, a soldier's shoe is slowly removed in front of Shaw. To be a consistently good shot, Jupiter should have been looking with his right eye. That's very unlikely for South Carolina in July. | Neither would be acceptable at the time of the Civil War. The shadow on Shaw's face changes when he tells men he will tear up his paycheck. As he does so, he salutes with his palm facing forward. Throughout Glory, there are scenes that make you weep, characters whom you grow to love, and battles so infuriating that you shake with rage. Having an animal around can do more for you than just keep you company. One private was a doctor. ", without moving his lips. Other harsh punishments were used, such as being "spread eagled" on the spare wheel of an artillery limber, which often broke the man's back. There is never an order given to fix them. When the scene cuts to his dialogue, his coat is buttoned all the way up. The position of the sun as Shaw inspects the beach before Fort Wagner. When Colonel Shaw volunteers to lead the charge on Fort Wagner, he tells General Strong, "you should have seen us in action two days ago; we were a sight to see". If you don't keep these 27 items In your purse, what's in there? Factual error: One of the characters of Glory is a mute drummer boy. He should have said "you should have seen us in action yesterday.". The acclaimed Civil War hit, […] Most modern historical films have been adjusted to fit Hollywood standards thus compromising the historical accuracy. Andrew wanted it to be an elite unit. Kristen Haddox, Penn State University4. It shows how "worn out" the shoe is supposed to be, and the subsequently the damage to the man's foot. Montgomery's fanaticism did lead him to plunder and burn Darien, Georgia. Because only the most healthy and robust African-Americans were allowed to enlist in this regiment, many recruits were rejected for medical reasons. When Pvt. During the singing of the Negro spiritual on the eve of the assault on Ft. Wagner, the key and tempo noticeably change when the soundtrack switches from playback to production sound (recorded on location). At the end of the day, one of the key elements of whether a movie’s historical accuracy matters comes down to each specific audience member. This would mean that they were headed south instead of north. During the assault on the fort, the bayonets are obviously rubber. In the second assault on Fort Wagner, Shaw is shot three times in the midsection on the wall. Trip is being brought before Cpt. Just before Christmas, Shaw rides his horse, practicing with his sabre on watermelons, which are harvested in the late spring and early summer. When Col. Shaw is in camp at Readville, his horse tack has yellow leather. In the film, Shaw's body is dumped into the mass grave with his red sash. The melody is "The Irish Jaunting Car," a British song from the Crimean War. The night before the attack on Ft. Wagner, the soldiers of the 54th Massachusetts are gathered around a campfire singing a Negro spiritual in which Noah counts the animals boarding the ark two-by-two. And those who were asked to detect the inaccuracies in the films learned just as much incorrect information as students who were merely told to watch them.The historical inaccuracies in movies used in the research included:-- The film "Glory," which tells the story of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry in the Civil War. and how it is important for all Americans to recognize the ways blacks served during the Civil War, and how hard they fought to gain the freedom for all blacks in the country. Authentic Enfield rifles don't have serial numbers, but reproductions do. In reality. The movie claims that "over half" of the regiment was lost during the assault on Fort Wagner. For two months, Union regiments dug a series of zigzag trenches on Morris Island, bringing long-range artillery guns closer and closer to Fort Wagner. As the war dragged on, however, Lincoln eventually switched course, … Another example of advanced cinematography can be seen in the final scene, as Shaw is dragged to a ditch and thrown in with piles of other dead bodies, the camera trained on his lifeless face as it tumbles on a stack of the deceased, symbolic of his importance and ultimate mortality. HISTORICAL ACCURACY: “Glory” is an excellent example of a movie that takes the basic historical facts and constructs a narrative around them to bring recognition to a military unit in a way that is attractive to a mainstream audience. In real life, the 54th Massachusetts was organized in March 1863. When the camera faces General Harter, Cabot's face is leaning on one hand. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, we all know that cutting out social interaction has taken its toll. A determined proponent of anti-slavery from an early age, Lincoln fought to control his personal beliefs on the subject in front of the public, transitioning from the stance of anti-abolition at the beginning of his political career (even quoted saying, “I have no purpose directly or indirectly to interfere with the institution of slavery in the states where it exists. He also was not as corrupt as the "Harker" character shown here. The first was the 1st Kansas Colored Volunteer Infantry Regiment, followed by the 2nd Kansas Colored Volunteer Infantry Regiment. Factual mistakes in Glory (1989) Two of Frederick Douglass' sons fought with the 54th but were not included in the movie. Glory is another masterpiece of a war movie, and many of the events portrayed in the film are historically accurate. When Rawlins finds him, he is lying next to a completely different man. Glory (1989) Goofs. The movie consistently shows Confederate troops carrying the classic "stars and bars" Confederate battle flag. The 54th was the first formal unit of the Union Army to be made up entirely of African-American enlisted men; all of the officers were white men. When they first form the line in that scene, bayonets are obviously not fixed. Germany supported Austria against Serbia, its patron Russia, and Russia’s ally France. Shaw for desertion, the beatings of the drum are off. The champagne was first made in 1921 and released for sale in 1936. In the film, Shaw dies after falling on the parapet of Fort Wagner. Most of the battle scenes were clearly filmed at Civil War reenactments, as the soldiers approach far too close (especially to cannon) in large numbers before they fire. In real life, General Strong asked the question, and. The correct flag would have been the state flag with a blue background. As Rawlins hands out the Enfield rifles, he calls out each one's serial number. The film also included small details that were historically correct, such as the pidgin many former slaves spoke, the 54th’s struggle to attain proper footwear, the tension between Irish and blacks in the north, and the horrific and primitive medicinal methods used in the civil war. They're actually .577 caliber. On the other hand, another viewer may hate the depiction of kilts in Braveheart, finding t… The film's epitaph that Fort Wagner was never taken is not quite accurate. In real life, the 54th Massachusetts didn't accept runaway slaves because Gov. Glory told the story of the USCT’s valor at Battery Wagner.What other USCT stories need to be told? When Shaw goes to the Quartermaters office, he demands "600 pairs of shoes and 1200 pairs of socks." In several of the close ups of Matthew's face, the fabric backing of his fake mustache is visible. Showing all 72 items. The goof items below may give away important plot points. "Glory" (at the Cineplex Odeon Century City) is an eloquent, heart-tugging Civil War epic about the first black infantry regiment to march off to battle for the Union. This topic is thoroughly discussed in the 1989 film Glory, and although the majority of Glory’s main characters were completely fictional and the 54th regiment was composed mostly of educated freedmen rather than the ragtag bunch of runaway slaves that were depicted in the movie, the film’s portrayal of the regiment’s climactic march against Fort Wagner, of the 54th regiment’s leader, Robert Gould Shaw, and of the treatment of black soldiers throughout the civil war were remarkably accurate, making the film as a whole extremely historically correct. So I made a list of lyrics from each of his songs that you could use in your next Instagram caption. Clare Regelbrugge, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Sign in to comment to your favorite stories, participate in your community and interact with your friends. Especially with an unfamiliar weapon, it would've been impossible to get a proper sight with his left eye. It was a naval flag adopted late in the war and flown by a few ships. Gen. Beauregard proposed it as a battle flag, and the Army of Northern Virginia may have used for a very short time before it was officially rejected. When Shaw is wounded at the battle of Antietam, he crawls up against a dead soldier. A children's choir sings "My Country 'Tis of Thee." I decided to ask my Instagram followers how they felt about 2020 and the results were a little more mixed up than expected. His screenplay was based on two books, Lincoln Kirstein's Lay This Laurel (1973) and Peter Burchard's One Gallant Rush (1965), and the personal letters of Robert Gould Shaw. Although African Americans had fought with distinction in the American Revolution and the War of 1812, many in the North questioned the discipline and fighting capabilities of African Americans. Private Trip would not have been whipped, at least not by someone as by-the-book as Colonel Shaw. In the film, Shaw's conversation with General Strong takes place on the 17th, with the regiment resting that night and making the charge the next day. The charge on Fort Wagner occurred two days later, on July 18th. The educated northern blacks who actually made up the regiment likely wouldn't know work songs originating in the fields of southern plantations, never mind adding new lyrics. | The director points it out in the UK DVD release. Perhaps the most personal of battles, however, took place within Lincoln himself. He was also 25, unlike 44-year-old, In the film, Shaw asks who will carry the colors if they should fall during the assault on Fort Wagner. In the next shot, his palm is facing the ground. https://www.theguardian.com/music/2019/dec/13/harry-styles-fine-line-review-columbia, "Glory" historically accurate, worthy of watching, 25 Songs To Add To Your January Playlist That'll Remind Us Of Simpler Times, I Adopted An Emotional Support Animal, And It's The Best Decision I've Ever Made For My Mental Health, I Asked Instagram How 2020 Was, And Maybe It Wasn't The Worst Year Ever, My New Tattoo Reminds Me To Love Everyone With Intention—And Yes, That Includes Myself, 27 Things To Carry In Your Purse, Because If 2020 Taught Us Anything, It's You Just Never Know, 34 Harry Styles Lyrics As Instagram Captions That'll Even Make Him 'Adore You', 20 Songs For That Breakup Playlist You'll Listen To While Binging Ice Cream, 10 Memories From The Early 2000s Because Life Was Easier Then. Kevin Jarre's inspiration for writing the film came from viewing the monument to Colonel Shaw and the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry in Boston Common. Trip was the angry runaway slave, John Rawlins the grandfather-like figure, Private Sharts the religious fanatic, and Thomas Searles the educated free black man. When the 54th Massachusetts march past the Southern plantation, a group of slave children run out to see them. According to an account by the unit's Color Sgt., Shaw made it to the top of the wall, was shot once through the heart, died instantly, and fell outside of the wall. The real James Montgomery was a actually a fanatical abolitionist in the vein of John Brown (for whom he considered mounting a rescue mission). When Rawlins is promoted to Sergeant Major, he is handed the insignia sewn onto blue cloth backing. While most of the German army fought Britain, Belgium and France in the west, a German army and the Austro-Hungarian Army faced Ru… In fact, modern military regulations require hats (covers) be worn whenever outdoors. was established as a regiment composed exclusively of the cream of Northern black society. Robert Gould Shaw leads the U.S. Civil War's first all-black volunteer company, fighting prejudices from both his own Union Army, and the Confederates. Of those casualties, 116 were fatalities, just under 20% of the men to storm the fort. In the next shot of the soldier's back, there is no wound, bayonet, rifle, or Thomas. Definitely wine. The music within the film also contributes to its “goodness,” in particular the scene in which the 54th regiment soldiers gather around a fire and sing the night before going into battle. Because the Queen Mary was an English ship, arriving from Britain, who had been part of the war for two years, she should have been painted gray long before appearing in the film’s events. Infantry tack was all black, or sometimes blue. That wouldn't have been enough; the unit had 1100 soldiers at full strength. In the movie, Shaw is surprised when the men refuse pay that was reduced because they are a "colored" regiment, though he eventually joins them in their refusal. Glory is more than just a film about the 54th regiment and its bravery; it's about the people that fought and died for the freedom of blacks in the United States. According to historical evidence, Confederate officers used the "old Army" style shoulder pads, including Lieutenant General Wade Hampton. Southern slaves, denied education, were even less likely to have heard of them. One person may watch Braveheart, a classic tale about a Scottish revolution led by the legendary William Wallace,and love the kilt cladden-Scotsmen, feeling that it adds to the feel of the movie. Everyone's been here. When Trip scuffles with the white soldier on the road, and Sgt. Many songs on both sides of the Civil War used the same melody, including "The Bonnie Blue Flag" and "Arms of Abraham," a humorous song lamenting the experiences of a draftee in the Union Army. Civil War artillery did not fire over the heads of friendly troops for several reasons, including premature explosion of shells. In the film, the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment trains through Christmas 1862, after the September 1862 Battle of Antietam. The 54th went on to fight at Olustee, Florida (February 20, 1864), Honey Hill, South Carolina (November 30, 1864), and Boykin's Mill, South Carolina (April 18, 1865). | The movie Glory is incredibly accurate in its story of the 54th Massachusetts regiment, the first all black regiment in the history of the United States. With Matthew Broderick, Denzel Washington, Cary Elwes, Morgan Freeman. The men's breath is visible the night before the big attack on Fort Wagner. Major Rawlins walks up to break it up, his coat is unbuttoned, with his undershirt clearly visible. During the battle at James Island, within a second, and without orders to attach them, all of the 54th Regiment have their bayonets mounted for the charge. During the siege, the Confederates in the fort discovered that their wells had been poisoned by the decomposing bodies of Union soldiers buried in nearby mass graves. Granted, this film is basically science fiction, emphasis on fiction, but the historical inaccuracies still totally bugged audiences. The character of Colonel Montgomery is portrayed as a greedy, cynical, and hypocritical racist who relishes his former days of being slaveholder. He returned the sash to Shaw's widow 20 years later. When the 54th first marches past a mansion in Georgia, a square concrete curb is visible on the left side of the road (to the soldiers' right). To add to the seemingly endless pile of inaccuracies, the movie features whole battles that didn't happen, large catapults that would never have been lugged into open battlefields, a breed of dog (German shepherd) that didn't exist at the time and Latin inscriptions with incorrect grammar [source: Ward]. The accuracy of the film, combined with the cinematography, music, and emotion, makes the entire film readily enjoyable, with a ranking of 4 ½ out of 5 miniballs. Historically, Shaw was not promoted immediately upon taking command of the 54th regiment. Some of them are minor. The range of emotion is so diverse and intense, the already important subject matter is made even more powerful. The American Revolution had a few all-black regiments, but they fought for the British, and settled in Atlantic Canada afterward. Shaw's body is thrown into a mass grave still in uniform, minus boots and socks. As former President Abraham Lincoln said, "Slavery may long exist, and perhaps the best way for it to come to an end peaceably is for it to exist for a length of time. If you have watched the six-time Oscar-winning film Glory, then you probably know about the 54th Massachusetts. At the time, he was part of the Army of the Cumberland's Tullahoma Campaign in Tennessee. Its first battle was James Island, South Carolina, on July 16, 1863, then Fort Wagner on July 18, 1863. Fort Wagner was attacked from the south, so the Atlantic Ocean should be on the right. 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